# Collatz Exercise

## Objective

To get experience writing ARM assembly code for the GBA.

## The Collatz Conjecture

The Collatz conjecture states that if you take any positive integer $N$ and repeatedly follow the following process:
- If $N$ is even, divide it by 2.
- Otherwise multiply it by 3 and add 1.

Eventually $N$ will reach 1.

For instance, if we start with $N = 10$, then we get the following sequence of numbers:

10
5
16
8
4
2
1

The number of steps it takes for 10 to reach 1 is 6.

This conjecture has been shown to hold true for numbers up to $2^{60}$ but has never been proven.

## Task

For this lab, you will write an ARM assembly function to calculate the number of steps
it takes any number to reach 1.

- Start by downloading a GBA skeleton program with an empty collatz function:
wget cs.umw.edu/~finlayson/class/spring18/cpsc305/labs/collatz.tar.gz
tar xvf collatz.tar.gz

- Compile the program so that you can see you have everything set up correctly:
gbacc collatz.s main.c

- Run the program.gba program this creates. It should print a list of 20
results "1 -> 1", "2 -> 2" etc. The empty collatz function just returns
its argument unchanged.
- Edit the collatz function in collatz.s to do the calculation as described above.

When you are done, your program should produce the following output:

## Submitting

When your program works, email the .s file to ifinlay@umw.edu.
Copyright ©
2022
Ian Finlayson | Licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.